Types Of Brain Injuries Caused By Car Accidents – Did you know that the human brain has the consistency of gelatin? Because of its extremely delicate consistency, the brain ultimately relies on the skull for protection from the outside world. Even with the protection of the skull, the brain can still be injured. In some cases, the brain can even be damaged due to internal factors. Depending on the cause, there are two types of brain injuries: traumatic brain injury (TBI) and non-traumatic acquired brain injury (ABI).
Traumatic brain injuries are caused by an external force that affects brain function. Traumatic brain injuries are most commonly associated with traffic accidents, falls, physical assaults, and sports-related accidents. According to the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, approximately 1.7 million traumatic brain injuries occur each year. The association also notes that as many as 5.3 million Americans have a disability caused by a traumatic brain injury. Some examples of traumatic brain injuries include:
Types Of Brain Injuries Caused By Car Accidents
Concussions are one of the most common traumatic brain injuries. They occur when the brain changes in function as a result of an impact on the inner walls of the skull.
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Edema refers to swelling of the brain that can occur as a result of any traumatic brain injury. Because the skull cannot expand to accommodate the swelling, edema can cause pressure on the brain.
Diffuse axonal injury causes damage to the axons of brain cells, making them unable to function. There is no bleeding associated with diffuse axonal injury, but swelling may occur. This type of injury can ultimately lead to the loss of certain functions.
An intracranial hematoma is characterized by the accumulation of blood in the brain or empty spaces around the brain caused by a ruptured blood vessel. There are different types of hematomas depending on their location in the brain.
Skull fractures are rare, but can cause a change in brain function and possible infection when they occur. Thin fractures are usually carefully monitored, while depressed fractures or fractures that leak cerebrospinal fluid require surgical intervention.
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Non-traumatic brain injuries, on the other hand, are caused by internal factors such as loss of oxygen, exposure to toxins, or pressure from a tumor that damages the brain. Non-traumatic brain injuries generally result from stroke, aneurysm, tumor, near-drowning, infectious disease, and lack of oxygen to the brain. They are sometimes called non-traumatic acquired brain injuries or ABI.
Hemorrhage, or uncontrolled bleeding, can occur within the brain tissue (intracerebral) or in the spaces around the brain (subarachnoid). Bleeding in the brain can occur as a result of TBI, however when it occurs as an ABI, it is generally attributed to a ruptured aneurysm. An aneurysm is a bulging blood vessel in the brain.
Hypoxic brain injury occurs when there is a lack of oxygen in part of the brain, and anoxic brain injury occurs when there is no oxygen in part of the brain. Both of these injuries are generally attributed to disruptions in natural breathing patterns.
A stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain is interrupted and brain cells begin to die. Strokes are generally either ischemic (caused by a blockage of an artery) or hemorrhagic (caused by a burst blood vessel). In some cases, they can be caused by a temporary clot and are called a transient ischemic attack.
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Dr. Kashouty, a diplomate of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN), practices general neurology with a specialization in clinical neurophysiology. dr. Kashouty considers the form and function of nerves and muscles to be the most interesting part of neurology, which led him to specialize in neurophysiology with a greater emphasis on neuromuscular conditions. He deals with the treatment of all neurological diseases, but his main focus is the treatment and management of headaches, movement disorders and neuromuscular diseases. A car accident is never a minor event, especially when serious or fatal injuries occur. The physical and emotional scars of a car accident can be life-changing and can require a long period of recovery. Medical bills, lost wages and emotional trauma associated with an accident can cause a serious financial crisis for the victim and their family.
The Delaware car accident lawyers at McCann Dillon Jaffe & Lamb, LLC have a long history of successful results for our clients injured in car accidents.
There is a wide range of injuries that a person can sustain in a car accident. While some are relatively minor, many can be debilitating and require lengthy recovery.
Brain injuries: Traumatic brain injuries are one of the most common types of injuries in rear-end and head-on collisions. In an impact, drivers and car passengers can be pushed forward with great force and then pushed back when the vehicle comes to a stop. The soft tissue of the brain can hit the inside of the skull in both the front and back, causing significant damage to those areas.
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Victims of traumatic brain injury (TBI) often suffer cognitive sequelae such as speech problems; mobility issues; coordination, memory loss and neurological disorders. Recovery requires long periods of rest, cognitive therapy, and retraining the brain to perform everyday tasks such as cooking, bathing, and housework. Some victims may be unable to work due to cognitive impairment.
Bone fractures and spinal injuries: Bone fractures and spinal injuries are common in all types of car accidents. Fractures of the bones of the face and skull, shoulder and neck, arms and legs, and chest can cause a series of peripheral complications on the surrounding nerves and organs.
When the vertebrae in the spinal column are broken, paralysis can occur, leaving victims with lifelong disability and pain. The financial consequences of recovering from such injuries can be catastrophic.
Surgery is often necessary to repair broken bones and bones with multiple fractures. Rods, screws, and joint replacements may be needed to stabilize these bones while they heal.
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In severe cases, where several parts of the body are fractured, long hospitalizations and rehabilitation may be required. Pain management and physical therapy are often a challenge for victims in this type of situation.
Whiplash: Whiplash is a type of injury commonly associated with car accidents. It occurs when there is a sudden impact or blow to the head and neck that causes a strong movement backwards and then forwards. Muscles, tendons, ligaments, and other tissue can be stretched and torn, causing pain, stiffness, reduced range of motion, and headaches. Symptoms of concussion can vary for each individual and are sometimes not apparent for 24 hours or more after the accident.
Cuts and lacerations: Severe cuts and lacerations can result from twisted metal, broken glass and sharp objects involved in a car accident. Victims may require surgery, including plastic surgery to minimize scarring and disfigurement. Infections, damage to muscles, tendons and soft tissues can make recovery difficult. Pain management may require extensive prescription medication as victims recover.
Burns: Gasoline and other flammable liquids can burst into flames in a car accident and leave victims with severe burns that require a long and painful recovery period. Multiple surgeries required for debridement, skin grafting, and in some cases amputations are common as victims suffer long recovery periods that are often riddled with complications such as infections.
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Permanent disfigurement can leave victims with lifelong emotional trauma. Compensation can afford patients with the latest and most advanced forms of therapy available to burn victims.
Evidence is crucial to your claims after a car accident. When possible, victims should take pictures of the scene of the accident, the injuries to the participants, as well as the road and weather conditions present at the time of the accident. Witness testimony can support your claims against your insurance company and in any civil litigation that follows.
No matter how minor the accident, the police should be called so that an official police report of the accident can be filed.
The Delaware car accident attorneys at McCann Dillon Jaffe & Lamb, LLC help car accident victims seek compensation for their injuries
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If you have suffered injuries in a car accident due to the negligence of another driver, contact an experienced Delaware car accident attorney at McCann Dillon Jaffe & Lamb, LLC. We know what it takes to prove guilt in cases like this and can help you get the compensation you deserve. Contact us online or call us at 302-888-1221 for a free consultation. We provide comprehensive legal representation to car accident victims throughout Delaware, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, including Delaware County, Philadelphia and Chester County. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an injury to the brain caused by an external force. Common causes include falls, car accidents, assaults or being struck by objects that can occur during sports. TBI is classified by severity: mild, moderate, or severe. From a medical perspective, this assessment is based on what is known as the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), which assesses motor, verbal and eye-opening responses. The scale ranges from 3 to 15, where 3 is assigned to someone who is dead or comatose and 15 is normal. Someone with a mild TBI generally has a GCS of 13–15.
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