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Reviewed by Leslie Fuller, LMSW, CDPLeslie Fuller, a licensed master social worker and certified dementia practitioner, is the owner of Inspired Senior Care.

Average Long Term Care Stay

Average Long Term Care Stay

Most people need some form of long-term care support, housing or services during their lifetime. Physical and cognitive impairment, as well as general aging, will make this type of care necessary. You may wonder, “What percentage of Americans will need long-term care?” Although the level and intensity of long-term care needed varies by individual, the Administration on Aging estimates that at least 70% of people age 65 today will need care in some context. The likelihood of seeking long-term care increases with age. U.S. As the number of people over the age of 65 in India increases, so will the demand for these services.

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Long-term care facilities include nursing homes, assisted living communities, and skilled nursing facilities. Each of these types of care offers unique facilities and services.

Skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) provide the highest level of medical care for any long-term care facility. This care is performed by registered nurses under the supervision of a physician. This is similar to the level of nursing care a patient receives in a hospital, but in a more comfortable, residential setting. SNFs often also offer rehabilitation services, physical and occupational therapy, and post-surgical care.

SNFs aim to provide transitional care — in other words, they are designed for short- and medium-length stays of several months rather than the resident’s lifetime. In some situations, a short stay in a SNF may be covered by Medicare.

Nursing homes also provide around-the-clock medical care and are typically supervised by licensed practical nurses and nurse assistants under the supervision of a limited staff of physicians or registered nurses. Nursing homes provide assistance with medication management, wound care, and medical needs, focusing primarily on assistance with residential, custodial care, and activities of daily living (ADLs).

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Some nursing home residents stay only for short-term rehabilitation, while others stay there for the rest of their lives.

Assisted living communities, unlike nursing homes and skilled nursing facilities, are not designed to provide comprehensive medical care. Assisted living residents are generally active but require assistance with some ADLs such as dressing and bathing. They enjoy a supervision-free lifestyle where meals, activities and housing services are provided, and they usually live in private rooms or apartments with access to community facilities. Some assisted living communities may have memory care wings or secure memory care units for those with memory loss challenges.

Home health care agencies can also provide long-term care. This care is provided in the senior’s home and includes both ADL assistance and medical care depending on the patient’s needs.

Average Long Term Care Stay

Doctors prescribe hospice care when a patient is expected to live six months or less from admission. Some agencies that provide data sets, such as the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), include hospice care under the umbrella of long-term care, while others, such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), do not.

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Many long-term care facilities are either assisted living communities or nursing homes. According to NCHS, long-term care in the U.S. is provided by:

Most long-term care residents are white and non-Hispanic. Long-term care demographics differ significantly from demographics across the U.S.

About 75.8% of US residents are white and non-Hispanic, but more than 89% are long-term care facility residents, according to the CDC.

It is worth noting that nursing homes and skilled nursing facilities have a higher percentage of black and other non-white residents than assisted living communities. Demographic breakdowns also vary by location and facility type.

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Life expectancy for women in the US is higher than their male counterparts, 73.2 versus 79.1 respectively.

According to the Administration on Aging, by 2020, women outnumbered the over-85 population by 178 to 100. Additionally, women are more likely to care for their male partners at home, while women enter long-term care facilities for care.

Women stayed in long-term care facilities for an average of 3.7 years, while men stayed in long-term care facilities for an average of 2.2 years.

Average Long Term Care Stay

The majority of long-term care residents are over 85 years of age. According to the CDC, the age group breakdown is as follows:

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Many residents in the 65-84 population live in assisted living communities, while older residents live in nursing homes or SNFs.

It is worth noting that many residents under the age of 65 in long-term care facilities live there because of developmental concerns, intellectual disabilities, and chronic conditions. Learn more below.

While many equate long-term care with an aging population, residents between the ages of 31 and 64 have been the fastest-growing nursing home demographic over the past 10 years. Although this age group still represents only 7% of long-term care residents, their impact on the state of long-term care facilities is noteworthy.

These “young adults,” defined by the Society for Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine as people between the ages of 18 and 64, typically face different health issues than the over-65 population.

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This demographic often has different care needs than the seniors with whom they live, and long-term care facilities may have unique activities and amenities designed for younger residents.

Because long-term care facilities include a wide range of care types, different residents have different needs. Seniors in assisted living communities may only need assistance with some activities of daily living, while older adults in skilled nursing facilities may require intensive medical care.

Sixty-one percent of long-term care residents require assistance with three or more activities of daily living (ADLs), such as bathing, dressing, using the toilet, or personal grooming.

Average Long Term Care Stay

Assisted living residents are less likely to need assistance with multiple ADLs and are more independent. Among nursing home and SNF residents alone, more than 80% required assistance with three or more ADLs, and more than 90% of those able to walk required supervision or assistance.

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Recent statistics regarding ADL assistance in nursing homes and skilled nursing facilities are not publicly available, with the last robust dataset reported in 2014. However, assisted living ADL assistance is tracked by the American Health Care Association.

In 2020, an estimated $3.4 trillion was spent on personal health care resources in the US, of which about 14%, or $475.1 billion, was spent on long-term care facilities and services.

Long-term care services and facilities are funded by both public and private sources. Public and government agencies like Medicaid and Medicare accounted for 60.4% of spending nationwide in 2020, according to the Congressional Research Service.

In 2020 and 2021, Pandemic Assistance contributed to long-term care and services funding, which accounts for about 6.3% of spending. Pandemic funding is unlikely to continue for long.

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Private sources accounted for 27.7% of long-term care spending in 2020. Of these sources, out-of-pocket spending was the largest source of revenue, accounting for 13.5% of total long-term care spending. Private insurance, philanthropic contributions, and other sources such as bridge loans and life insurance policy purchases made up the rest of the long-term care facility costs.

Claire Samuels is a senior copywriter at A Place for Mom, where she helps guide families through the dementia and memory care journey. Before transitioning into writing, she gained industry insight as an account executive for senior living communities in the Midwest. She graduated from Davidson College.

The information on this page is for informational purposes only and is not intended to constitute medical, legal or financial advice or to create a business relationship between A Place for Mom and the reader. ALWAYS CONSULT YOUR HEALTH CARE PROVIDER, LAWYER OR FINANCIAL ADVISOR WITH RESPECT TO ANY SPECIFIC MATTER AND DO NOT ACT OR REFRAIN FROM ACTING BASED ON ANYTHING YOU READ ON THIS SITE. Links to third-party websites are for the convenience of readers only; A Place for Mom does not endorse the content of third-party sites. Takeaway:  Would you buy a product without knowing your likely needs? Your chances of getting long-term care are based on certain factors, all of which are described in this post. And the news is better than you might expect. So when that sales agent calls, don’t be too quick to pull out your checkbook.

Average Long Term Care Stay

The morning before the 2022 Kentucky Derby, first alternate Sonny Lyon learned that he and the horse Rich Strike would be entered in the race. Another trainer had chosen to withdraw his horse. Rich Strike’s chances of winning the race were extremely disappointing. But 24 hours later, the world will be reminded that miracles still happen.

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With his horse in last to win, Sonny Leone and his charge took to the rear of the field and patiently followed the horse. They were briefly stuck in the middle of the pack until a small gap opened up between the two horses running neck and neck. Leon fires a rich strike through the gap, takes it to the inside rail and then,

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